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Apache > HTTP Server > Documentation > Version 2.4

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݋b _ _ Ɯ”. ٿ ~@ ݋ O[.

݋b ݋z ^ , Ư Hġ L, ~@ rѴ. 信 ڼ rb r O[. (_; Z b݋b ѱ b݋ ”, b݋”. ~_Fb O[ ٶ”.)

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r

(Access Control)
h̝ _ @ . Hġ݋b Ưr URL @ Ѹ[ ȝ~Ѵ.
O: ΄, Ѻο,
˽O (Algorithm)
Ϟ Z踦 Ǫb Ȯ e Ȥ@ Ģ. xȭ ˽O@ x(Ciphers)O θ.
APache eXtension Tool (apxs)
(module) z Ϟü (DSO) Hϸ[O Hġ ݋L ġ[b E@ b perl zrxh.
O: Manpage: apxs
΄ (Authentication)
݋L, Ŭƾh, ȝ~ h̝ ü Ȯ.
O: ΄, Ѻο,
΄݋ (Certificate)
݋L Ŭƾh @ h̝ ü ΄[b S. ΄݋b Ϟ (subjectO `), ݋ ΄ (Certificate Authority) (issuerO `), Ϟ Ű, CA ݋  X.509 r . h̝ üb CA ΄݋ ȝ~[ ݋@ ȝѴ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
΄ ݋ ] (Certificate Signing Request, CSR)
΄ (Certification Authority) [ CA ΄݋ (Certificate) Ű (Private Key) ݋ ݋ʻ@ ΄݋. CSR ݋ǔR ΄݋ ȴ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
΄ (Certification Authority, CA)
Ҏ^ڷ h̝ ü ΄@ ݋[b _ڸ[b . ٸ h̝ ü@ ݋ڷ CA ΄݋ Ϟڸ ΄߾b Ȯ ] .
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
x (Cipher)
S xȭ[b ˽OƳ Cz. 齁, DES, IDEA, RC4 .
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
x (Ciphertext)
(Plaintext)@ x (Cipher) Q .
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
ԓh z (Common Gateway Interface, CGI)
ܺ α׷ ]@ ݋z ] nU ݋L ܺ α׷ ȝ z F. zb E NCSA r, RFC hƱn [.
O: CGI e
r C (Configuration Directive)
O: C
rH (Configuration File)
Hġ r[b C (directive) zhH.
O: rH
CONNECT
HTTP S@ UC[b HTTP ޽Y (method). SSL ٸ @ }I ȝ~Ѵ.
ȝ~ (Context)
rH (configuration file)݋ Ưr C (directive) ȝ~ ] b .
O: Hġ C [b ȝ~ ~r
݋ (Digital Signature)
΄݋ ٸ H@ ȝ[b xȭ ڵ. ΄ (Certification Authority)@ ΄݋ (Certificate) ` Ű (Public Key) ؝{ _ Ű (Private Key) xȭ[ ݋@ 늴. CA Ű ݋@ X ] V얿, CA ΄݋ (Certificate) h̝ ü ΄ߞ@ ] .
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
C (Directive)
Hġ \ @ [b r w. Cb rH (Configuration File)݋ ȝ~Ѵ.
O: C U
Ϟü (Dynamic Shared Object) (DSO)
Hġ httpd Hϰ n Hϸ[ ʿV н ] b (Module).
O: Ϟü
ȯ溯] (Environment Variable) (env-variable)
r v[O α׷ _@ ü [b ]. Hġn ȯ溯]b ] , ȯ ” Hġ ο vȴ.
O: Hġ ȯ溯]
]~ (Export-Crippled)
̑v ](Export Administration Regulations, EAR) ][ x( ) Kn . ]~ xȭ hb Ű rⰡ ۰ ѵǽ, x (Ciphertext)@ e Ҏ^(brute force)ڷ X ] .
O: SSL/TLS xȭ (SSL/TLS Encryption)
(Filter)
݋L ų ޾b S Q[b r. ;b Ŭƾh ݋L b S Q[O, ;b ݋L Ŭƾh m ݋ QѴ. 齁, INCLUDES ;b ݋ Server Side Includes QѴ.
O:
nθ (Fully-Qualified Domain-Name) (FQDN)
IP ּҿ [[b, xzh nθڷ 伺 h̝ ü Ϟ Ɠ. 齁, www xzhƽO example.com nθV, www.example.com@ nθƴ.
ڵ\ (Handler)
H@ ]V ][b E Hġ F. ^ڷ Hϻ@ H v όm ڵ\ . Hϻ@ ݋L Z ݋z[, H vb "Qȴ(handled)". 齁, cgi-script ڵ\b CGI Q H@ rѴ.
O: Hġ݋ ڵ\ ȝ~
c (Header)
HTTP ] [信݋ ~ b κЙڷ ~@ [b r .
.htaccess
݋ ȿ b rH (configuration file), r C (directive) _ ġ 丮 [丮 ~Ѵ. Ɠ ޸ HϿ݋b Zb Cܿ v C ȝ~ ] .
O: rH
apache2.conf
rH (configuration file). ⺻ ġb /etc/apache2/apache2.conf, V Ȥ@ HV rڷ ] .
O: rH
HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
h͓Ƶ݋ ȝ~[b F r . Hġb RFC 2616݋ r HTTP/1.1ƶb 1.1 L@ Ѵ.
HTTPS
hȭƵ F x_ Ҏ^, HyperText Transfer Protocol (Secure). ȝ PZ SSL@ ȝ~ HTTPƴ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
޽Y (Method)
Ŭƾh b HTTP ]R ڿ ][nU C ൿ. HTTP ޽Y忡b GET, POST, PUT .
޳C (Message Digest)
޳C ~ r ʾҞ@ [ ޳C ؝{.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
MIME-type
r ݋ v [b Ҏe. Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions e@ ԱV얿 Ʒ Ɠ@ . E{ ȝƿ major type minor typeڷ L. R, text/html, image/gif, application/octet-stream ƴ. MIME-type@ HTTP Content-Type c (header) rѴ.
O: mod_mime
(Module)
α׷ x κ. @ Hġ ɻ@ _ `θ ] b ⿡ 齁. Hġ httpd Hϰ H @ r ƶO [, иǽ C ڷ н ] b @ Ȥ@ DSOO Ѵ. ⺻ڷ `[b @ base ƶO Ѵ. Hġ ݋L t (tarball) b Hġb @ . Ƶ@ ڰ (third-party) ƶO Ѵ.
O: U
^] (Module Magic Number) (MMN)
^]b Hġ zȵ尡 r ], xȯ L . ^]b xȯ@ ƻ ] ^nU Hġ 䟒 `] x, ٸ API Ϻΰ 쿡 Ԍ. MMN [R ڰ @ ٳC HϵǾ Ѵ. ؛ Hġ L ™nU ]rؾ n .
OpenSSL
SSL/TLS @z n
O http://www.openssl.org/
Pass Phrase
Ű H@ x[b 얂. ΄[ʻ@ ȝ~ڰ Ű H@ ȝ~[ xȭ[ o[nU Ѵ. x (Ciphers) ȝ~[b z x/ص Űƴ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
(Plaintext)
xȭ[ ʻ@ .
Ű (Private Key)
޻@ S ص[O b S ݋[ Ű xȭ (Public Key Cryptography) Cz xŰ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
UC (Proxy)
Ŭƾh ݋L ȝƿ b ߰ ݋L. Ŭƾh ]@ ޾ ݋L O, ݋L݋ ޻@ [@ ٳC Ŭƾh . \ Ŭƾh @ ~@ ][R UCb ݋L ][ʽO ij{ v ~@ ȝ~[ [C@ R ] .
O: mod_proxy
Ű (Public Key)
Ű xȭ (Public Key Cryptography) Czۿ݋ Ű Ϟڿ b 얂並 xȭ[ų Ϟڰ ݋@ X Ű.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
Ű xȭ (Public Key Cryptography)
x ص ݋ ٸ Ű ȝ~[b Ī(asymmetric) xȭ Cz ~. x ص ȝ~[b ΰ Űb Ű(key pair)@ Ʒ. Ī xȭOn θ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
rFe (Regular Expression) (Regex)
@ v[b Ҏe. 齁, " A C۸[b Z", " 10ε ȭx", U "F ΰO Q ^b " @ F ] . rFe@ ȝ~[R ſ Ϟ[ HϓƳ ڿ @ ~ ] . 齁, "images" 丮 E b .gif .jpg Hϻ@ "/images/.*(jpg|gif)$" Ī ] . Hġb PCRE ƺ\ ȝ~[ Perlxȯ rFe@ Ѵ.
_UC (Reverse Proxy)
Ŭƾh ݋LQ ƾb UC (proxy) ݋L. Ȼ Ϟ Ȥ@ θ[ л[ Ŭƾh ݋L ҊV Ϟ~[.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
Netscape Communicationsȝ TCP/IP h̝ ^ _ ΄ xȭ . ^ ~nb HTTPS (HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) over SSL)ƴ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
Server Side Includes (SSI)
HTML H ȿ QC `[b v.
O: Server Side Includes Ұ
ӛ (Session)
^ڷ _ Ȳ(context) r.
SSLeay
Eric A. Young T E SSL/TLS ƺ\
Ī x^ (Symmetric Cryptography)
x ص E @ xŰ ȝ~[b x (Ciphers) ~.
O: SSL/TLS Encryption
t (Tarball)
tar n並 ȝ~[ Hϵ@ @ . Hġb tar H@ оd[ų pkzipڷ оd[ ȴ.
Transport Layer Security (TLS)
Xv L vFȭ(Internet Engineering Task Force, IETF) TCP/IP h̝ ^ _ ΄ xȭ SSL . TLS L 1@ SSL L 3 Ϟȝ[.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
X b ڿ Ɠ/ּ. reڷξb Uniform Resource IdentifierO [b ϻ e Īƴ. URL@ http https@ zŴ(scheme), xzh, η 伺ȴ. URL@ http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/glossary.htmlƴ.
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)
߻ ڿƳ ڿ@ Ī[ ڄP. eڷ RFC 2396݋ rѴ. h͓Ƶ݋ ȝ~[b URI URLƶO θ.
xzh (Virtual Hosting)
Hġ [ \ ȝh ݋z[. IP xzhb ȝh IP ּҰ ٸ. Ɠ^(name-based) xzhb xzh@ ȝ~[Ƿ IP ּҿ݋ \ ȝh ݋z ] .
O: Hġ xzh ݋
X.509
v_J(International Telecommunication Union, ITU-T) [b ΄݋ e. SSL/TLS ΄݋ ȝ~Ѵ.
O: SSL/TLS xȭ

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